Intermediate Science Results
Between the initial release of results in January 2011, and the release of the first full-sky maps planned for early 2013, the Planck Collaboration has produced a number of intermediate science results. These results primarily involve the investigation of diffuse emission from our own Galaxy, and the study of other galaxies and clusters of galaxies.
Click here for more detailed information on the individual scientific papers.
Many of the Planck initial results involve the study of clusters of galaxies. The clusters contain huge amounts of very hot gas, and as the light from the cosmic microwave background passes through the gas on its way to Earth it is energised - an effect known as the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect. This allows massive galaxy clusters, such as the Coma Cluster seen on the left, to be detected at huge distances across the Universe.
Results using Planck and XMM-Newton measurements have shown that galaxy clusters come in all sorts of shapes and sizes, and that common assumptions may not be valid. Planck measurements have shown that galaxy clusters come in all sorts of shapes and sizes, and discovered the first ever seen triple-system of galaxy clusters. Overall, 51 clusters were detected by Planck and confirmed by Planck, in a number of scientific papers. See a full list of Planck intermediate results papers here.
Planck Images (ESA)
Planck Videos (ESA)
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